THE ROLE OF LOCAL INSTITUTIONS IN ENHANCING FARM HOUSEHOLDS’ ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE AND VARIABILITY: A CASE STUDY OF BONGO DISTRICT, GHANA

Author : Mawulolo YOMO, 2015.

Summary:

ABSTRACT

Bongo district crop production (sorghum and millet) is the most vulnerable to climate change in Ghana. These changes are manifested in the area through drought, associated with the less pasture and water, resulting directly in crop failures, death of livestock and indirectly to the loss of farm households‘ livelihoods and well-being. Panoply of institutions, including public, civic and private on one hand and formal and informal on the other are intervening through various ways to enhance communities‘ adaptation in general and farm households in particular. Therefore, this study assessed the role of local institution in enhancing farm households‘ adaptation to climate change and variability. Primary data were obtained through questionnaire administration within 12 communities, household survey, and key informant interview with local institutions, focus group discussions and role playing games while secondary data are got through the review of published and non-published papers. Results show that although most of the local institutions are not involved directly in climate change adaptation, their supports increased farm household‘s adaptation, observed in their livelihood outcome. Local institutions are mostly involved in knowledge management and on farm management while investment in infrastructure and diversification are less addressed. In addition, local institutions are trusted by farm households for their adaptation to future changes in the climate.
Key words: Adaptation, Climate change, Farm households, Local institutions

Bongo district crop production (sorghum and millet) is the most vulnerable to climate change in Ghana. These changes are manifested in the area through drought, associated with the less pasture and water, resulting directly in crop failures, death of livestock and indirectly to the loss of farm households‘ livelihoods and well-being. Panoply of institutions, including public, civic and private on one hand and formal and informal on the other are intervening through various ways to enhance communities‘ adaptation in general and farm households in particular. Therefore, this study assessed the role of local institution in enhancing farm households‘ adaptation to climate change and variability. Primary data were obtained through questionnaire administration within 12 communities, household survey, and key informant interview with local institutions, focus group discussions and role playing games while secondary data are got through the review of published and non-published papers. Results show that although most of the local institutions are not involved directly in climate change adaptation, their supports increased farm household‘s adaptation, observed in their livelihood outcome. Local institutions are mostly involved in knowledge management and on farm management while investment in infrastructure and diversification are less addressed. In addition, local institutions are trusted by farm households for their adaptation to future changes in the climate.
Key words: Adaptation, Climate change, Farm households, Local institutions

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