THE DYNAMICS OF URBAN LAND COVER AND RESIDENTS’ VULNERABILITY TO CLIMATE CHANGE: A CASE STUDY OF COCODY DISTRICT, ABIDJAN, CÔTE D’IVOIRE

Author : KABLAN Malan Ketcha Armand, 2014.

Summary:

ABSTRACT
The Dynamics of Urban Land Cover and Residents’ Vulnerability to Climate Change: A
Case Study of Cocody District, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire. (November, 2014)
Kablan Malan Ketcha Armand, B.S., Université de Cocody-Abidjan
M.Sc., Université de Cocody-Abidjan
Chair of the Advisory Committee: Prof. Dongo Kouassi

The land use/cover of the district of Cocody, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire is undergoing,
regardless to climate change induced warm days, high pressure linked to a fast urbanization
process. This current study seeks to better understand the dynamics of the land use/cover in
Cocody and the impacts of an increasing temperature trend for human security by assessing
Cocody inhabitants’ vulnerability to climate change. The approach is based on integrated
methods, including satellite images processing, forty years daily temperature analysis,
people’s perception to warm days, field observation, and population data. The results reveal
that Cocody is experiencing a fast land use/cover change dominated by a rapid growth of the
buildings and a noticeable decrease in the natural environment. A significant increasing trend
of the maximum temperature, minimum temperature, and mean temperature were also
highlighted. Three climatic periods ranging from colder (1972-1986), moderate (1987-2002)
and hotter (2003-2012) were differentiated. Cocody was concluded to be highly vulnerable to
climate change induced extreme heat condition which could be aggravated due to its
increasing population and the percentage of children and elderly. Creating more green spaces
is, therefore, recommended in the more susceptible areas to counter the harmful effects of the
climate.
Key words: Human Security, Cocody, green space, urbanization, vulnerability

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