Oke-Ogun Area of Oyo state which is widely known as the food basket of South-Western Nigeria is a flood prone area exacerbated by climate variability. Therefore, this study was carried out mainly to assess the impact of flood disasters on the livelihoods of farmers in Oke-Ogun Region of Oyo state, Nigeria. The data collected through in-depth interview, structured questionnaires, Focused Group Discussions and portable GPS were subjected to analysis using descriptive and inferential statistics.
The results revealed that farmland’s close proximity to river/stream, limited drainage system, frequent heavy rainfall, limited supports from external bodies during flooding are some of the factors that make the farmers vulnerable to flood disasters. The study also revealed that flooding has huge impact on their farmlands and limited impact on their houses. Furthermore, the study found that the farmers have very low coping mechanisms as most of them don’t have access to insurance facilities, untimely and imprecise flood early warning system, flood local sign and community flood management committee.
In conclusion, the study revealed that there was significant association between farmers’ vulnerabilities and their livelihoods. It was recommended that government and relevant agencies should provide adequate drainage system, weather forecast, insurance facilities, and timely and precise flood early warning system to reduce farmers’ vulnerabilities to flood disasters and also enhance their livelihoods.
Vulnerability, flood, disasters, farmers, livelihoods, coping mechanisms, Oke-Ogun