FLOOD DISASTER AND HUMAN SECURITY IN BENIN NIGER RIVER VALLEY

Author : Idelbert Dagbégnon BEHANZIN, 2014.

Summary:

ABSTRACT
Flood Disaster and Human Security in Bénin Niger River Valley. (November, 2014)
Idelbert Dagbégnon BEHANZIN, B.S., University of Abomey-Calavi;
M.A., University of Abomey-Calavi;
Dipl., United Nations Institute for Training and Research.
Chair of Advisory Committee: Prof. Michel BOKO

Despite the complexity of risk assessment and human security, they must be assessed
to improve knowledge about the risk and its potential human consequences in order to help
society to better understand the risks which it faces. This thesis aimed to improve
understanding of flood disaster causative factors, risk profile of the affected community and
human security issues in Benin Niger River Valley. A GIS-Base mapping and theory-driven
indicator approach is applied to map the risk profile of the affected community and analyse
the human insecurity dimension related to it. The result indicates that people living within the
Benin Niger River Valley are highly exposed to flood hazard because almost eighty percent
(80%) of its people and their assets are located in the flood hazard pathway. All physical,
economic, social and vulnerability indicators chosen in the framework of this study show that
they are highly vulnerable. The combination of the flood hazard event, the exposure and the
vulnerabilities to flood yield in high disaster risk. Flood disasters result in deaths, injuries,
diseases, building collapses, disruption in socio-economic activities, environmental pollution
and biodiversity losses. Cleary, flood disasters generate, humane insecurity.
Key words: Flood, Benin, Niger River Valley, vulnerability, risk, human security

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