An Assessment of Social Vulnerability of Medina Gounass Dakar (Sénégal) to Flood. (November
Ousmane Diouf Sané: B.S. Université Cheikh Anta Diop Dakar
M.A. Université Cheikh Anta Diop Dakar
Chair of Advisory Committee Pr Amadou Thierno Gaye
This study was conducted in Medina Gounass Dakar, Senegal to bring out evidence that flooding is
a threat to human security. The aim of this present study is to assess the social vulnerability to flood
in Medina Gounass. Meteorological data were obtained from Dakar Yoff station. Survey was
carried out using structured questionnaires drawn on one hundred randomly selected households.
The methodology is about climate data and socioeconomic data gathering and processing. With
some tools (softwares). For vulnerability assessment, the move framework is used to characterize
vulnerability through three key factors, namely (1) exposure, (2) susceptibility, and (3) lack of
resilience. As a result, Medina Gounass inhabitants have a particular relationship with the place they
have been living for decades. Although facing diseases and many challenges in their everyday life,
people actually resist the government’s relocation projects because of their symbolic relationship
with the area. The vulnerability index showed a highly vulnerable north-eastern part of Medina
Gounass to floods. Recommendations are formulated towards the government which should take
their responsibilities to displace some and relocate them elsewhere.
Key words: assessment, flood, social vulnerability, Medina Gounass, rainfall.