In the wake of the honorary doctorate “Honoris Causa of the University of Lomé” conferred on Mr. Wilfried Kraus, he presented a new program of the German Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) on renewable energies. Dr Kraus expressed his desire to see Togo play a leading role in this new program. This new cooperation in the field of renewable energies will focus activities around WASCAL by setting up decentralized infrastructures.
To honor BMBF commitment, a delegation of three German experts arrived in Togo and took part in the first workshop on 13 April 2018 at the Sancta Maria Hotel. Participants assessed challenges facing the sector of renewable energies in the country during this workshop.
During the workshop, the ten (10) main issues expressed by stakeholders and in order of importance in the renewable energies sub-sector are as follows:
1. Political, organizational, institutional and legislative frameworks for the promotion of renewable energies;
1. Mastery of the use of deposits and site characteristics;
2. Lack of economic models;
3. Connection problems, storage and material capabilities;
4. Lack of awareness of the environmental and social impacts of renewable energies;
5. Mastery of the use of biomass as a renewable energy source while the country has a great potential of raw materials (terrestrial and aquatic weeds, garbage and excrements of animals, biodegradable waste from food factories), etc.;
6. Low capacity or lack of competence of actors in the field of renewable energies;
7. Low rural electrification and energy efficiency;
8. lack of a Quality Control / Quality Assurance (QC / QA) system; and
9. maintenance for the promotion of renewable energies, lack of appropriate technology for energy efficiency and difficulties in scaling up the few achievements in the field of renewable energies.
To better understand the various problems expressed by the actors, the workshop suggested the need to carry out a study to assess the renewable energies field in Togo. This study will identify what is already done, in progress or planned at the political, regulatory and operational levels. Ultimately, it will provide BMBF with a base of information necessary for the orientation of its actions.
Equally, the workshop decided to set up a team of experts to conduct the study under consideration. Therefore, on the 24th July 2018, the same actors gathered at Sancta Maria Hotel to launch the feasibility study which will define the guidelines for Renewable Energies Development (ProDER) in Togo.
Entirely dedicated to the feasibility study launching on Renewable Energies Development Program in Togo, this second workshop witnessed the participation of three experts from BMBF, the Executive Director of WASCAL as well as a plethora of actors in the field. The forty-three (43) participants – whose list is appended to this report – came from various backgrounds such as the ministry of education, the civil society and the private sector, among others (see Appendix 1).
The workshop had four phases: (1) Opening session; (2) Presentation of the framework of the conceptual study; (3) Presentation of the feasibility study methodology and the team of experts; and (4) Summary of the discussions and signature of a funding agreement between BMBF and WASCAL.
1. Opening session
The opening ceremony of the workshop was marked by four interventions. First, the participants listened to the welcome address of Dr. Moumini Savadogo, Executive Director of WASCAL; then, it was the turn of H.E.M. Christoph Sander, Ambassador of the Federal Republic of Germany to Togo to deliver his speech, followed by the introductory speech by Dr. Christoph Rövekamp, Head of Energy Division at BMBF.
Finally, the opening address of the workshop is given by Dr. Essohanam Batchana, Associate professor and Director of Research Department of Université de Lomé, representing Professor Komla Dodzi Kokoroko, the President of Université de Lomé. Alternately, these speakers stressed the decisive role and the substantial contribution of renewable energies in the development of a country and insisted on the need to develop them for the well-being of African populations. They welcomed the excellent relations of cooperation between Germany and Togo, with a particular emphasis on WASCAL, through which this renewable project came into being, as a concrete expression of this relationship. The speakers wished good luck and success to the project for a better future for the rural populations who will benefit from it.
The opening phase of the workshop ended with a family photo shoot.
2. Conceptual framework presentation
Under the moderation of Professor Kouami Kokou, Director of WASCAL Togo, the phase devoted to the presentation of the conceptual study exposed participants to an overview of the reasons and principles underlying the study. After recalling the first workshop, drawing up an inventory and giving directions for research on renewable energies in Togo with terms of reference, Professor Kokou clearly underlined the general and specific objectives of the feasibility study. He presented the expected objectives, delineated the tasks and terms of reference of the consultants and specified the time required to submit the deliverables of the study – 45 days. A series of questions and answers and other contributions as well as points of clarification ended this first presentation.
Professor Kokou then invited Dr. Jérémie K. Fontodji, biomass energy specialist and member of the consultants’ team to present the methodology of the feasibility study.
3. Feasibility study’s methodology and leading team of consultants presentation
Speaking on behalf of the team of consultants selected for the feasibility study of the Renewable Energies Development Program in Togo under the pupillage of WASCAL, Dr. Jérémie K. Fontodji presented participants with a “technical offer” detailing their approach to the feasibility study and guidelines for research on Renewable Energies in Togo. Their project reviews the context and mandate of the consultants (defining their mission, the objectives of the study and its results as well as the expected obligations of the consultants). Secondly and most importantly, his presentation emphasized the methodological approach the team will deploy to achieve the expected results.
The methodological approach chosen by the team of consultants is divided into three phases: 1) research and document analysis; 2) field data collection; and 3) the processing, data analysis and reporting of the study. According to the expert, these three phases will allow his team to:
• analyze the evolution of energy consumption in Togo;
• assess the potential of renewable energies in the country;
• carry out a diagnostic analysis of the sub-sector of renewable energies; and
• give clear guidance to BMBF for intervention in the renewable energies sub-sector in Togo.
As for the internal organization of the consultants’ work, Dr. Jérémie K. Fontodji reassured participants that his team has available and qualified personnel as well as appropriate tools and equipment / laboratories to carry out its mission. He marshaled a very detailed chronogram to sustain his assertion: the study will be completed in forty-five (45) working days and will be spread over six (6) months from the signing of the contract. Clearly, the team will cover the following activities within the six (6) months of the study: desk research, development of data collection tools, field data collection, processing and analysis, production of the draft report and its submission to the coordination. Also, the validation workshop of the interim report, the integration of observations, the production of the final report and its submission to the coordination will be carried out within this deadline. In sum, Dr Fontodji has erased all doubts about the ability of the team to conduct the study with mastery and within the timeframe allotted with his supporting chronogram.
Some questions related to the conceptual study were raised during the discussions following his presentation. After a series of questions and answers and other contributions as well as clarification points during a plenary session, all the consultants selected for the study (and whose profile follows) were officially introduced to participants of the workshop – who congratulated them through applause.
Team of consultants in charge of the study
|NAME||INSTITUTION||AREA OF EXPERTISE||CONTACT|
|Jérémie Kokou Fontodji||Research Department for Sustainable Development (BER2D) in partnership with the enterprise BIOMATOGO||Biomass energy||[email protected]
|Gbaty GBANDE||Ministry of Energy and Mines||Energy policy||[email protected]
|Yendoubé LARE||Laboratory on Solar Energy (Université de Lomé)||Solar energy||[email protected]
|Sena ALOUKA||NGO Youth Volunteers for Environment (JVE) International||Access of communities to sustainable energy||+22890216740
|Ernest AMOUSSOU||Dept of Geography, University de Parakou; member of LACEEDE, Laboratory on Climate, Ecosystem, Water and Development; Université d’Abomey- Calavi||Climate specialist in charge of the nexus climate , land energy and water||
Mobile (+229) 95 06 47 46
|Komi Edem KOLEDZI||Université de Lomé
|Biogaz||+ 228 90 19 85 35|
It is worth stressing that Professor Kokou, Director of WASCAL Togo, is the coordinator of the Consultants’ team.
The presentation of the team of consultants put an end to this phase to leave room for CIREG Project communication, a renewable energies project managed by WASCAL Competence Centre. In presenting the communication on the CIREG Project, Dr. Safietou Sanfo, one of the project’s consultants, informed the audience that the said project covers four West African countries (Burkina Faso, Ghana, Niger and Togo) and that it seeks to put in place renewable energies pilot projects therein. In order to promote renewable energies, a consortium of Western countries, including Belgium, Germany and Norway, among others, have commissioned a survey on renewable energies, the results of which will enable donors to finance its micro projects in the selected countries to promote its wider use thereafter.
Participants asked clarification questions to understand the ins and outs of this project, which seems to be a duplication of what the Lomé workshop undertakes. They suggested the need for synergy between both projects with the Competence Center.
Summary of discussions and funding agreement signing between BMBF and WASCAL
The last phase of the workshop is devoted to a summary of the discussions and the signing of a funding agreement between BMBF and WASCAL in order to carry out the feasibility study of the Renewable Energies Development Program in Togo.
The execution of the first part of this section is a summary of the discussions held during the day. In order to draw conclusions from the various discussions on renewable energies that were conducted during the day, the workshop reviewed key points for recommendations. Conducted under the moderation of Mr. Julien Adounkpé, Associate professor and Director of WASCAL Benin, these discussions generated the following recommendations, among others:
- Integrate a fourth phase into the feasibility study: the validation phase;
- Use the Competence Center if information on climate variables is needed;
- Take into account all regions of Togo during the study;
- Include the rural environment in sampling;
- Obtain household consent on the price to pay for renewable energies;
- Consider the issue of projects’ sustainability;
- Consider the integration of high winds into the methodology for the specific case of wind energy;
- Schedule a study to update the standard power generation sites;
- Consider biofuel; and
- Train users for the maintenance and repair of renewable energies products to sustain them.
The second part of this phase is dedicated to the signing of a funding agreement between BMBF and WASCAL for the feasibility study. Under the terms of the agreement, the German Ministry of Education, represented by Dr Christoph Rövekamp, Chief Energy Division, on the one hand, and WASCAL Togo, represented by its director, Professor Kouami Kokou, on the other hand, signed the agreement. A grant agreement for a total amount of two hundred thousand Euros (€ 200,000) for the feasibility study of the Renewable Energies Development Program in Togo had been signed.
Under the terms of this agreement signed on 24th July 2018, the disbursement of funds will be effective as of 1st August 2018 to begin the feasibility study which results aim at contributing to the development of a sustainable energy system in Togo. This signature brought the workshop to closure at 4 pm with the vote of thanks of Professor Kokou.
The 24th July 2018 workshop marks the starting point of a feasibility study aimed at assessing Togo’s potential for renewable energies and promoting its development in the country. Once completed, this study will pave the way for a project to popularize the use of renewable energies.
The team of experts is committed to travelling around Togo in the next six months to describe the evolution of energy demand in a context of climate change in Togo, to carrying out an integrated assessment of renewable energies potential in the country, to carrying out a diagnostic analysis of the renewable energies sub-sector and propose guidelines for BMBF intervention in the renewable energies sub-sector aiming at putting in place of a pilot project. At the end of the study, experts will give clear guidelines for the start of a project which will be carried out by the German Ministry of Education – BMBF – in coordination with WASCAL Togo.
It is important to note that the study begins on 1st August 2018; the submission of its first draft report is scheduled for 1st December 2018, while the delivery of the final report is envisaged for 30th January 2019. The project will be presented to the Minister in February 2019; the decision to launch the pilot project is equally expected in February 2019. In sum, the final workshop is anticipated for March 2019.