REGIONAL AWARENESS AND TECHNICAL TRAINING TO IMPLEMENT FLOOD FORECASTING AND EARLY WARNING SYSTEMS

The West African Science Service Centreon Climate Change and AdaptedLand Use, WASCAL of the University of Lomé hosted from 26 to 28 August 2019 a regional awareness and technical training workshop on the implementation of early warning systems and flood forecast. Thisworkshop aims to improve the capacities of national and regional policy frameworks. It was initiated by the ECOWAS Commission with the financial support of the Word Bank
The opening of this training workshop took place last Monday, August 26, 2019 in the presence of Prof. KOKOU Kouami, Director of WASCAL-Togo, Mr. SALIFOU Ousseini, representative of the ECOWAS Commission and Lieutenant-Colonel BAKA Yoma, Director General of the National Agency of Civil Protection (ANPC), representative of the Togolese Government (Photo).

In his welcome address, Prof. KOKOU stressed that flood management is a major concern for communities that are increasingly affected by the enormous damage caused by floods especially in this climate change context. He also welcomed the initiative of this training and the choice of WASCAL at the University of Lomé to host this workshop. He also informed the audience that WASCAL will soon welcome students from 10 ECOWAS countries for doctoral training on disaster risk management.
For Mr. SALIFOU, despite the efforts made in the management of natural disasters in West Africa, institutional, technical and financial obstacles still prevent the effective management of floods. He further added that the workshop is in line with the implementation of the ECOWAS Action Plan which provides for the establishment of a sub-regional flood management observatory and the capacity building of experts of its Member States
Lieutenant-Colonel BAKA, for his part, expressed the gratitude of the Togolese government to the technical and financial partners who continue to assist Togo in disaster risk reduction before expressing the wish that the modules planned for this training of 3 days can equip participants with flood forecasting skills
After the opening ceremony, the workshop continued with various training sessions, particularly on flood hazard mapping, the development of an early warning system, and so on. Certificates of participations were given to participants at the end of the training.


Regional Awareness Training on Flood Forecasting and Early Warning Systems

Training 1: Regional Awareness Training on Flood Forecasting and Early Warning Systems

Training Programme & Outline

Date: 26 – 28  August,  2019

Lomé, Togo
   

Background:

The ECOWAS Commission and the World Bank Global Facility for Disaster Risk Reduction (GFDRR) entered into a four year “Grant” Agreement (2016-2019) to support ECOWAS in the development and implementation of programmes to strengthen disaster risk reduction coordination, planning and policy advisory capacity in West Africa.

The West African Science Service Centre on Climate Change and Adapted Land Use (WASCAL) led consortium of national, regional and international institutions experienced in research and capacity building have been contracted to support ECOWAS in the implementation of its Plan of Action (POA) and to facilitate the research and capacity building components of the POA.

Based on the results of the inventory of existing policies and legislations as well as the early warning/flood forecasting systems in ECOWAS member countries and region, WASCAL, together with consortium partners, developed a regional transboundary flood forecasting mechanism and recovery planning for implementation. Moreover, training needs assessment (TNA) was conducted through a tailor-made questionnaire shared with about 57 identified stakeholders/user groups among the 47 institutions / organizations / departments in the 15 ECOWAS member countries. Forty-three (43) institutions / organizations / departments provided responses to the questionnaire, which were subsequently analysed for the existing capacity along with the needs. The TNA report concludes with recommendations and proposed capacity building plans to be taken forward. To this end, ECOWAS has made a commitment to facilitate the training and capacity enhancement of the ECOWAS Commission and experts from member states related to a regional awareness and implementation of flood forecasting and Early Warning Systems. Training workshops are planned as follows:

  • Training 1 ‘Regional Awareness Training on Flood Forecasting and Early Warning Systems’ with a focus on introductory/basic level of concepts, policies and application of tools as well as benefits and limitations on using these tools for decision making. This training will be jointly planned and implemented by WASCAL, WRI, FUTA, HKV, Operational Satellite Applications Programme (UNOSAT) of the United Nations Institute for training and Research (UNITAR) and ECOWAS.
  • Training 2 ‘Regional Technical Training to Implement Flood Forecasting and Early Warning Systems’ consisting of hands-on sessions on hydrological forecasting chain, workflows, analysis, early warning dissemination based on different tools as well as on the system. This training will be jointly planned and implemented together with AGRHYMET, WASCAL HKV, Operational Satellite Applications Programme (UNOSAT) of the United Nations Institute for training and Research (UNITAR) and ECOWAS.
  • Two e-learning events, one facilitated training and one self-paced, covering topics on flood forecasting and Early Warning Systems together with Geospatial Information Applications in Disaster Risk Reduction.

The key objectives and expected results of these learning events on Flood Forecasting and Early Warning Systems are to enhance the capacities in existing national/regional policy frameworks on DRR/M including Flood Forecasting and Early Warning Systems, understand and apply flood forecasting and hydrological modelling tools.

This training program and outline focuses on Training 1 ‘Regional Awareness Training on Flood Forecasting and Early Warning Systems’ which will be delivered in Lomé, Togo in the period 26 – 28 August 2019.

Training 1- Overall Objectives:

At the end of Training 1, participants should be able to:

  • Improve their understanding of the existing national/regional policy frameworks on DRR(M) including Flood Forecasting and Early Warning Systems
  • Improve their understanding of the concepts and terminology of DRR(M) as well as operational data requirements for implementation with a focus on flood forecasting system
  • Recognize benefits and limitations of the use of GIT for DRR

Course Content:

The aim of this training is to raise awareness about regional/national flood forecasting practices and Early Warning Systems in ECOWAS region. Workshop participants will also be taken through selected case studies to operational EWS services and GIT applications for DRR relevant to support operational decision making for enhanced flood management in ECOWAS region.

Duration and Instructional Methodology:

3-days training event:

This is a full-time, face-to-face training workshop designed with the following 3 modules:

  • Module 1: National/regional policy frameworks on DRR(M) and Early Warning System
  • Module 2: Hydrological Modelling of Flood Forecast and Early Warning
  • Module 3: The use of GIT for DRR(M) and EWS

Each module is structured into 4 sessions of 1.5 hours each. The average workload per module is likely to be around 6 hours. To ensure active learning by all participants, interactive sessions will be provided through the use of Power Point presentations, group discussions, live demos, videos and maps with the purpose of achieving learning objectives defined for this training workshop.

Module 1: National/regional policy frameworks on DRR(M) and Early Warning System

Description:

This module will seek to provide participants with a general overview of the project: “Disaster Risk Reduction Practice Research and Capacity Building Support to ECOWAS”, its objectives and progress made so far. The module will address three sub-objectives. First, it will bring to the fore observed issues in national DRR policies, especially with respect to early warning systems, and the need to ensure harmonization and alignment with regional policies for effective DRM at regional scale. Analysis of national and regional policies documents and the main findings in light of future needs will be presented. Second, the module will provide an overview of transboundary floods and disasters in West Africa and how national and regional policies must be developed to seamlessly address the increasing incidence of transboundary floods and disasters. Third, the module will highlight the importance/contribution of flood hazard hotspot mapping to the development of early warning systems.   

Learning Objectives (Mod. 1):

At the end of Module 1, participants should be able to:

  1. Demonstrate understanding of the gaps in national and regional DRR practices and policies
  2. Identify the increasing incidence of transboundary floods in the region and the need to address the rising trend through harmonized national-regional policies
  3. Explain the concept of flood hazard mapping and its contribution to the development of early warning systems 

Module 1 Structure:

Session Session Objectives Teaching Method Training Material (delivered)
S1 Introduction to DRR Practice Research and Capacity Building in West Africa Presentation, interactive session, roundtable discussion Presentation slides
S2 Challenges in DRR policies, especially disharmony between national and regional policies Presentation, interactive session Presentation slides
S3 Trend in transboundary flood incidences and implications for national and regional policies Presentation, interactive session, roundtable discussion Presentation slides
S4 Flood hazard mapping using open access geospatial data (overview of data sources and methodologies) and its relevance in the development of early warning system Presentation, interactive session, hands-on Presentation slides, tutorial document

Focal Point: Dr. Aymar Y. Bossa

Module 2 : Hydrological Modelling of Flood Forecast and Early Warning

Description:

This module will seek to provide participants with an overview of FEWS initiatives in the region, information on regional hydrological modelling and how a regional flood early warning system can be set up. The module will address four sub-objectives in four sessions. First it will introduce what flood forecasting and early warning is, what is important and what systems are already operational in the region. Secondly the module will introduce what is required for setting up a FEWS (nationally and regionally), from a data sharing perspective but also operationally. Participants will discuss how they view the operational and data requirements. Thirdly hydrological modelling as part of flood forecasting is discussed. This session focusses more on the technical side of flood forecasting, the hydrological modelling. How such a model can be build, what software is available and what is needed from an organisational and data perspective, The fourth and last session focusses on early warning generation and dissemination. This means how a warning is generated from a FEWS and what a forecaster can do with it. A hands on practice with a showcase system for the region is included to stimulate the discussion on what information is needed, what the role of ECOWAS can be and how information can be disseminated.

Learning Objectives (Mod. 2):

With this module the participants will learn/develop the following:

  1. An understanding of existing systems in the region;
  2. Know what is required for setting up a FEWS from an organisational and data sharing perspective;
  3. Gain background information on hydrological modelling.
  4. Get a better idea of the roles of different national institutes, regional institutes and ECOWAS in flood forecasting, early warning and dissemination;
  5. Understand that flood forecasting is only the first step and that monitoring, checking forecasts and communication of warnings is a vital second. 

Module 2 Structure:

Session Session Objectives Teaching Method Training Material (delivered)
S1 Gain knowledge on what flood forecasting is, what is important and what is already there. Presentation, interactive session Presentation slides
S2 Understand what is needed from a data and organization perspective for regional modelling Presentation, roundtable discussion Presentation slides
S3 Understand what different kinds of hydrological modelling exist, how it can be applied for the ECOWAS region, limitations and what kind of information is needed. Presentation and interactive session. Presentation slides
S4 Combining FEWS with hazard maps for impact based forecasting. Discussing what is needed on a country level, what role ECOWAS can play and how information can be disseminated. Presentation and hands-on Slides, tutorial document FEWS-dashboard (link) and hazard maps

 Focal Point: Geerten Horn

Module 3: Use of Geospatial Information Technology for Disaster Risk Reduction/Management

Description:

GIT is a very useful tool for the whole disaster management cycle starting from the preparedness phase, mitigation to response, recovery and reconstruction. GIT has proven to be efficient for implementing coherent DRR (M) activities at regional, national and local scales. GIT allows quantifying risk, expected future losses, identify locations in need of risk reduction measures and support operational decision making for enhanced flood management. The purpose of this module is to provide participants with a general overview of GIT methodologies and case studies related to DRR (M). 

Learning Objectives (Mod. 3):

At the end of Module 3, participants should be able to:

  1. Demonstrate understanding of GIT (GIS and remote sensing) in DRR (M)
  2. Identify, access, search, collect, organize and analyse geospatial data relevant to DRR (M) projects
  3. Recognize how to apply GIS methodology to perform flood risk assessment 

Module Structure:

Session Session Objectives Teaching Method Training Material (delivered)
S1 Introduction to GIT application for  DRR/M Presentation, interactive session Presentation slides
S2 Caste study 1: Gathering geospatial data for DRR/M projects Presentation, Interactive session, roundtable discussion Presentation slides
S3 Case study 2: Flood risk assessment Presentation, Interactive session Presentation slides
S4 Feedback and Course Evaluation

 

Evaluation form Evaluation form

 Focal Point: Luca Dell’ Oro and Charles Serele

Expected Participants and Prerequisites:

The course is designed to accommodate participants from a variety of backgrounds and professional experiences:

  • Early Career Permanent Technical Staff from Governmental Institutions:
  • Hydro-meteorological services,
  • ECOWAS member states DRR/M Services,
  • ECOWAS Head Quarters in Abuja
  • University Professors: mainstreaming DRR into education curricula

Technical Capacity requirement:

  • Have academic and professional knowledge of hydromet application
  • Have basic knowledge and GIS and Remote Sensing technology
  • Have a background in numerical hydrometeorological forecast
  • Portable computer required

Language:

English with simultaneous translation into French language.

Software:

NA

Class Size:

The number of participants is limited to 34 with translation service.

Training Workshop Certificate:

Participants will be given a UN certificate from UNITAR on successful completion of the training workshop.

Training Venue:

The regional awareness training workshop on Flood Forecasting and Early Warning Systems is going to be held at the University of Lomé in Lomé, Togo from 26-28 August 2019.

Institutions:

The Training 1 is offered by West African Science Service Centre on Climate Change and Adapted Land Use (WASCAL), WRI, FUTA, HKV and the Operational Satellite Applications Programme (UNOSAT) of the United Nations Institute for training and Research (UNITAR).

WASCAL (West African Science Service Centre on Climate Change and Adapted Land Use) is a large-scale research-focused Climate Service Centre designed to help tackle this challenge and thereby enhance the resilience of human and environmental systems to climate change and increased variability. It does so by strengthening the research infrastructure and capacity in West Africa related to climate change and by pooling the expertise of ten West African countries and Germany.

WRI (Water Research Institute) operates under the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) of Ghana. It is mandated to research into water and related resources. In pursuance of this mandate, the institute generates and provides scientific information, strategies and services towards the rational development, utilization and management of water resources in support of the socio-economic advancement.

FUTA (Federal University of Technology, Akure) has amongst others the mandate to build capacity of young scholars by interacting with several very specialized world class interdisciplinary centres that are involved in training, research, and service delivery with both local and international centres and agencies.

HKV is a knowledge entrepreneur in flood risk and water resources management with experts in research and consultancy services who works on the implement of early warning systems for floods and droughts around the world. Their services are based on in-depth knowledge of hydrology, hydraulics, morphology, mathematics, remote sensing and IT. They have earned a lead position in the Netherlands and they deliver projects on a global scale.

UNITAR’s Operational Satellite Applications Programme (UNOSAT) is a technology intensive programme active in all aspects of applied research relating to satellite solutions, from earth observations to telecommunication, positioning and navigation. UNOSAT delivers satellite solutions, geographic information to organizations within and outside the UN system to make a difference in the lives of communities exposed to poverty, hazards, and conflict, or affected by humanitarian and other crises. The main office of UNOSAT is located on the CERN site in Meyrin, Geneva, on the border between Switzerland and France and regional offices at Bangkok, Nairobi and N’djamena.

Course Coordination:

UNITAR-UNOSAT and WASCAL

Opening Ceremony

Monday, 26.08.2019:

08:00-08:30: Registration

08:30-08:50: Welcome addresses (WASCAL, World Bank, ECOWAS, Togolese Government Representative).

Course Schedule

 Session No.              

        Time

Module 1

Monday, 26.08.2019

Module 2

Tuesday, 27.08.2019

Module 3

Wednesday, 28.08.2019 

S1

9:00-10:30

Introduction to DRR Practice Research and Capacity Building in West Africa (WASCAL) Introduction to Flood Forecast and Early

(HKV)

Introduction to Geospatial Information Technology

(UNITAR-UNOSAT)

S2

11:00-12:30

Challenges in DRR policies, especially disharmony between national and regional policies (WRI) FFEW Model Input Requirement and Data Availability

(HKV)

GIT applications for DRR – Case Study 1

(UNITAR-UNOSAT)

S3

13:30-15:00

Trend in transboundary flood incidences and implications for national and regional policies (WRI & FUTA) Hydrological Modelling of Flood Forecast

(HKV)

GIT applications for DRR – Case Study2

(UNITAR-UNOSAT)

S4

15:30-17:00

Flood hazard mapping using open access geospatial data (overview of data sources and methodologies) and its relevance in the development of early warning system (WASCAL) Early Warning Generation and Dissemination

(HKV)

Feedback and Course Evaluation

(ALL)

 

 

 

 

 

 


Implementing CLIMate-sensitive Adaptation strategies to reduce Flood RIsk in the transboundary Lower Mono River catchment in Togo and Benin 24.6.-28.6.2019, Togo, Benin

The objective of the CLIMAFRI project is to co-develop and co-implement adaptation strategies for sustainable management of flood risk and natural resources in the transboundary Mono River Catchment. The specific scientific and technical objective of the consortium is to collaboratively establish the River Basin Information System through the integration of science-based data with information and knowledge from local stakeholders and communities. To achieve the sustainable implementation of the River Basin Information System, it is a key objective of CLIMAFRI to train professional staff on multiple scientific and technical aspects during the process of establishing the information system and to embed the information system within the responsible authority(ies) in the (transboundary) region.

 

 

During the week of June 24 to 28, 2019, several local and foreign partners took part in the various activities planned for this project. The first day was a team work between local and foreign partners. On 25 and 26 June 2019, all the participants visited the site of the mono river and were able to discuss with the localities affected by the flood caused by the water release from the dam of Nangbeto. The 28/06/2019 takes place the effective launch of the project. Several stakeholders did take part. The last day was devoted to visit the different departments of the stakeholders.


PHD SCHOLARSHIPS IN PROGRESS UNDER WASCAL, WEST AFRICA and CAPE VERDE.

Find links to the various Universities below to apply:

1.University d’ Abommey Calavi, Benin  

Weblink: https://www.wascal.org/graduate-programmes/climate-change-and-water-resources/

2.University of Cheikh Anta Diop, Senegal

Weblink: https://www.wascal.org/graduate-programmes/climate-change-economics/

3. Université des Sciences, des Techniques et des Technologies de Bamako (USTTB)  – Mali;  Institut Polytechnique Rural de Formation et de Recherche Appliquée (IPR/IFRA)Mali and Cape Cost (Ghana)     

Weblink: https://www.wascal.org/graduate-programmes/climate-change-and-agriculture/

4. University Felix Houphouet Boigny, Cote d’Ivoire

Weblink: https://www.wascal.org/graduate-programmes/climate-change-and-biodiversity/

5. University of Lome, Togo  

Weblink: https://www.wascal.org/graduate-programmes/climate-change-and-disaster-risks-management/

6. University Abdou Moumouni, Niger 

Weblink:  https://www.wascal.org/graduate-programmes/climate-change-and-energy/

7.Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Kumasi Accra  

Weblink: https://www.wascal.org/graduate-programmes/climate-change-and-land-use/

8. Federal University of Technology Akure, Nigeria (FUTA) Nigeria  

Weblink: https://www.wascal.org/graduate-programmes/west-african-climate-systems/

9. Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria (FUTMinna), Nigeria   

Website: https://www.wascal.org/graduate-programmes/climate-change-and-human-habitat/

10. University of Cape Verde   

 Weblink:  https://www.wascal.org/graduate-programmes/climate-change-and-marine-sciences/

11. University of Ouagadougou 1 Pr. Joseph Ki-Zerbo Ouagadougou   

Weblink: https://www.wascal.org/graduate-programmes/informatics-for-climate-change/

12. University of the Gambia

Weblink:   https://www.wascal.org/graduate-programmes/climate-change-and-education/


INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE AND RESILIENCE TO RIVER FLOOD IN WEST AFRICA

Aknowledgment : Alumni Alberta ARYEE and lecturer Julia KLOOS worked on the the topic «INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE AND RESILIENCE TO RIVER FLOOD IN WEST AFRICA». This Work is published as first chapter of the book titled : “ADVANCING CLIMATE CHANGE RESEARCH IN WEST AFRICA: Trends, Impacts, Vulnerability, Resilience, Adaptation and Sustainability Issues” :

The book is available as the complementary contributor copy

eBook


NATIONAL GREEN ENTREPRENEURSHIP WEEK: First edition Inauguration

On Tuesday 6th November 2018, WASCAL hosted a Green Entrepreneurship Forum in the University of Lomé.

The event took place in the WASCAL lecture Hall in the presence of forty (40) participants including Professor Kokou Kouami, Director of National Institute of Scientific Research and Director of WASCAL Programme in Togo.

Under the theme: “Green Entrepreneurship, engine of my sustainable economic growth” SNEV was organized by OOADD and AJSE and aims at promoting green entrepreneurship in the country to increase the visibility of eco-entrepreneurs and educate young people about green jobs opportunities.

The National Green Entrepreneurship Week (SNEV) started with the Green Entrepreneurship Forum; this first edition in Togo involved the Alumni of the West African Science Service Center on Climate Change and Adapted Land Use, Mr. BAGBOHOUNA M’koumfida. The Director in his address to the youth encourage them to develop new ideas and projects in the sector of green entrepreneurship for a better sustainable future.

In his opening address, Mr. Mandela DJAHO, President of Observatoire Ouest Africain du Développement Durable (OOADD) highlighted that the event is being organized on the eve of the climate conference of the parties. He focused the issues of unemployment and climate change and stressed on the role of the youth in the fight against the daunting effects of climate change in order to save the planet for future generations.

Several topics were discussed at the forum including: the State of Green Entrepreneurship in Togo; the mechanism for financing green projects by the FAIEJ; and the contributions identified at the national level. In addition, a project was presented on young people economic initiatives support for the sectors’ development by one of the young green entrepreneur, Mr. AKAKPO Lado.

The National Green Entrepreneurship Week will be the platform for several activities such as sensitization conferences in the universities in the country, field trips, and radio broadcasts.

 


GERMAN EMBASSY AND WASCAL HOSTED DACCIWA

On Friday19th October 2018 at 14 h 30 min, WASCAL Programme in Togo organized a restitution meeting of a Project on « Dynamics-Aerosol-Chemistry-Cloud Interactions in West Africa (DACCIWA). Under the patronage of the EMbassy of the Federal Republic of Germany in TTogo, the Director of WASCAL Togo, Professor Kokou Kouami Hosted the Project’ stakeholders in the premises of the programme at the Université de Lomé.

The  “Dynamics-Aerosol-Chemistry-Cloud Interactions in West Africa (DACCIWA) is a Project funded by the European Union. It aims to quantify the influence of anthropogenic and natural emissions on the atmospheric composition in West African countries and evaluate their impact on human health and ecosystems as well as regional meteorology.

Earlier in June and July 2016 an international consortium of sixteen (16) participants from two (2) countries in West Africa and four (4) European countries join efforts to conduct a large-scale field campaign around five (5) developing countries in West Africa. These countries include : Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Togo, Benin and Nigeria.

Togo played a very important role during the field data collection campaign, including the accommodation of three (3) research aircraft (one French, one German and one British) at the Lomé military airport as well as the operating center established at Omono Hotel in Lomé. In addition, researchers and operators involved in the DACCIWA Project worked closely with academic and operational actors (Meteorological Services, Air Control – ASECNA). The methodology of the first results are described in the following publication: https://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0256.1
About two years after the campaign, DACCIWA Project stakeholders have proceeded to the communication and dissemination of scientific findings of their Project for the benefit of interested parties including government authorities, universities, meteorological services and commercial services. The Project conclusions focused on the following topics:

  • Concentrations of pollutants in urban areas and their effects on health;
  • Sources of urban pollution;
  • Regional pollution and its impacts;
  • The radiative effects of aerosols and their influence on weather and climate;
  • The state of the atmosphere in the countries of South-West Africa in the future; and
  • The shortcomings of current observations and models in the region.Prior to the WASCAL restittution meeting, the stakeholders met with the country’s authorities to present same campain results.
  • DOWNLOAD DACCIWA PDF

REPORT OF THE 2nd WORKSHOP ON RENEWABLE ENERGIES IN TOGO

 

 

 

In the wake of the honorary doctorate “Honoris Causa of the University of Lomé” conferred on Mr. Wilfried Kraus, he presented a new program of the German Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) on renewable energies. Dr Kraus expressed his desire to see Togo play a leading role in this new program. This new cooperation in the field of renewable energies will focus activities around WASCAL by setting up decentralized infrastructures.
To honor BMBF commitment, a delegation of three German experts arrived in Togo and took part in the first workshop on 13 April 2018 at the Sancta Maria Hotel. Participants assessed challenges facing the sector of renewable energies in the country during this workshop.
During the workshop, the ten (10) main issues expressed by stakeholders and in order of importance in the renewable energies sub-sector are as follows:

1. Political, organizational, institutional and legislative frameworks for the promotion of renewable energies;
1. Mastery of the use of deposits and site characteristics;
2. Lack of economic models;
3. Connection problems, storage and material capabilities;
4. Lack of awareness of the environmental and social impacts of renewable energies;
5. Mastery of the use of biomass as a renewable energy source while the country has a great potential of raw materials (terrestrial and aquatic weeds, garbage and excrements of animals, biodegradable waste from food factories), etc.;
6. Low capacity or lack of competence of actors in the field of renewable energies;
7. Low rural electrification and energy efficiency;
8. lack of a Quality Control / Quality Assurance (QC / QA) system; and
9. maintenance for the promotion of renewable energies, lack of appropriate technology for energy efficiency and difficulties in scaling up the few achievements in the field of renewable energies.

To better understand the various problems expressed by the actors, the workshop suggested the need to carry out a study to assess the renewable energies field in Togo. This study will identify what is already done, in progress or planned at the political, regulatory and operational levels. Ultimately, it will provide BMBF with a base of information necessary for the orientation of its actions.
Equally, the workshop decided to set up a team of experts to conduct the study under consideration. Therefore, on the 24th July 2018, the same actors gathered at Sancta Maria Hotel to launch the feasibility study which will define the guidelines for Renewable Energies Development (ProDER) in Togo.

Entirely dedicated to the feasibility study launching on Renewable Energies Development Program in Togo, this second workshop witnessed the participation of three experts from BMBF, the Executive Director of WASCAL as well as a plethora of actors in the field. The forty-three (43) participants – whose list is appended to this report – came from various backgrounds such as the ministry of education, the civil society and the private sector, among others (see Appendix 1).
The workshop had four phases: (1) Opening session; (2) Presentation of the framework of the conceptual study; (3) Presentation of the feasibility study methodology and the team of experts; and (4) Summary of the discussions and signature of a funding agreement between BMBF and WASCAL.

 

1. Opening session

The opening ceremony of the workshop was marked by four interventions. First, the participants listened to the welcome address of Dr. Moumini Savadogo, Executive Director of WASCAL; then, it was the turn of H.E.M. Christoph Sander, Ambassador of the Federal Republic of Germany to Togo to deliver his speech, followed by the introductory speech by Dr. Christoph Rövekamp, Head of Energy Division at BMBF.
Finally, the opening address of the workshop is given by Dr. Essohanam Batchana, Associate professor and Director of Research Department of Université de Lomé, representing Professor Komla Dodzi Kokoroko, the President of Université de Lomé. Alternately, these speakers stressed the decisive role and the substantial contribution of renewable energies in the development of a country and insisted on the need to develop them for the well-being of African populations. They welcomed the excellent relations of cooperation between Germany and Togo, with a particular emphasis on WASCAL, through which this renewable project came into being, as a concrete expression of this relationship. The speakers wished good luck and success to the project for a better future for the rural populations who will benefit from it.

The opening phase of the workshop ended with a family photo shoot.

2. Conceptual framework presentation

Under the moderation of Professor Kouami Kokou, Director of WASCAL Togo, the phase devoted to the presentation of the conceptual study exposed participants to an overview of the reasons and principles underlying the study. After recalling the first workshop, drawing up an inventory and giving directions for research on renewable energies in Togo with terms of reference, Professor Kokou clearly underlined the general and specific objectives of the feasibility study. He presented the expected objectives, delineated the tasks and terms of reference of the consultants and specified the time required to submit the deliverables of the study – 45 days. A series of questions and answers and other contributions as well as points of clarification ended this first presentation.

Professor Kokou then invited Dr. Jérémie K. Fontodji, biomass energy specialist and member of the consultants’ team to present the methodology of the feasibility study.

3. Feasibility study’s methodology and leading team of consultants presentation
Speaking on behalf of the team of consultants selected for the feasibility study of the Renewable Energies Development Program in Togo under the pupillage of WASCAL, Dr. Jérémie K. Fontodji presented participants with a “technical offer” detailing their approach to the feasibility study and guidelines for research on Renewable Energies in Togo. Their project reviews the context and mandate of the consultants (defining their mission, the objectives of the study and its results as well as the expected obligations of the consultants). Secondly and most importantly, his presentation emphasized the methodological approach the team will deploy to achieve the expected results.

The methodological approach chosen by the team of consultants is divided into three phases: 1) research and document analysis; 2) field data collection; and 3) the processing, data analysis and reporting of the study. According to the expert, these three phases will allow his team to:
• analyze the evolution of energy consumption in Togo;
• assess the potential of renewable energies in the country;
• carry out a diagnostic analysis of the sub-sector of renewable energies; and
• give clear guidance to BMBF for intervention in the renewable energies sub-sector in Togo.
As for the internal organization of the consultants’ work, Dr. Jérémie K. Fontodji reassured participants that his team has available and qualified personnel as well as appropriate tools and equipment / laboratories to carry out its mission. He marshaled a very detailed chronogram to sustain his assertion: the study will be completed in forty-five (45) working days and will be spread over six (6) months from the signing of the contract. Clearly, the team will cover the following activities within the six (6) months of the study: desk research, development of data collection tools, field data collection, processing and analysis, production of the draft report and its submission to the coordination. Also, the validation workshop of the interim report, the integration of observations, the production of the final report and its submission to the coordination will be carried out within this deadline. In sum, Dr Fontodji has erased all doubts about the ability of the team to conduct the study with mastery and within the timeframe allotted with his supporting chronogram.

Some questions related to the conceptual study were raised during the discussions following his presentation. After a series of questions and answers and other contributions as well as clarification points during a plenary session, all the consultants selected for the study (and whose profile follows) were officially introduced to participants of the workshop – who congratulated them through applause.

    Team of consultants in charge of the study

 

NAME INSTITUTION AREA OF EXPERTISE CONTACT
Jérémie Kokou Fontodji Research Department for Sustainable Development (BER2D) in partnership with the enterprise BIOMATOGO Biomass energy [email protected]

+22890886504

Gbaty GBANDE Ministry of Energy and Mines Energy policy [email protected]

+22890072457

Yendoubé LARE Laboratory on Solar Energy (Université de Lomé) Solar energy [email protected]

[email protected]

[email protected]

+22890338663

Sena ALOUKA NGO Youth Volunteers for Environment (JVE) International Access of communities to sustainable energy +22890216740

[email protected]

Skype: aloukasena

http://jve-international.net

Ernest AMOUSSOU Dept of Geography, University de Parakou; member of LACEEDE, Laboratory on Climate, Ecosystem, Water and Development; Université d’Abomey- Calavi Climate specialist in charge of the nexus climate , land energy and water  

Mobile (+229) 95 06 47 46

Email:[email protected]

Komi Edem KOLEDZI Université de Lomé

NGO ENPRO

Biogaz + 228 90 19 85 35

[email protected]

 

It is worth stressing that Professor Kokou, Director of WASCAL Togo, is the coordinator of the Consultants’ team.

The presentation of the team of consultants put an end to this phase to leave room for CIREG Project communication, a renewable energies project managed by WASCAL Competence Centre. In presenting the communication on the CIREG Project, Dr. Safietou Sanfo, one of the project’s consultants, informed the audience that the said project covers four West African countries (Burkina Faso, Ghana, Niger and Togo) and that it seeks to put in place renewable energies pilot projects therein. In order to promote renewable energies, a consortium of Western countries, including Belgium, Germany and Norway, among others, have commissioned a survey on renewable energies, the results of which will enable donors to finance its micro projects in the selected countries to promote its wider use thereafter.

Participants asked clarification questions to understand the ins and outs of this project, which seems to be a duplication of what the Lomé workshop undertakes. They suggested the need for synergy between both projects with the Competence Center.

  Summary of discussions and funding agreement signing between BMBF and WASCAL

The last phase of the workshop is devoted to a summary of the discussions and the signing of a funding agreement between BMBF and WASCAL in order to carry out the feasibility study of the Renewable Energies Development Program in Togo.

The execution of the first part of this section is a summary of the discussions held during the day. In order to draw conclusions from the various discussions on renewable energies that were conducted during the day, the workshop reviewed key points for recommendations. Conducted under the moderation of Mr. Julien Adounkpé, Associate professor and Director of WASCAL Benin, these discussions generated the following recommendations, among others:

  1. Integrate a fourth phase into the feasibility study: the validation phase;
  2. Use the Competence Center if information on climate variables is  needed;
  3.  Take into account all regions of Togo during the study;
  4. Include the rural environment in sampling;
  5. Obtain household consent on the price to pay for renewable energies;
  6. Consider the issue of projects’ sustainability;
  7. Consider the integration of high winds into the methodology for the specific case of wind energy;
  8. Schedule a study to update the standard power generation sites;
  9. Consider biofuel; and
  10. Train users for the maintenance and repair of renewable energies products to sustain them.

The second part of this phase is dedicated to the signing of a funding agreement between BMBF and WASCAL for the feasibility study. Under the terms of the agreement, the German Ministry of Education, represented by Dr Christoph Rövekamp, ​​Chief Energy Division, on the one hand, and WASCAL Togo, represented by its director, Professor Kouami Kokou, on the other hand, signed the agreement. A grant agreement for a total amount of two hundred thousand Euros (€ 200,000) for the feasibility study of the Renewable Energies Development Program in Togo had been signed.

Under the terms of this agreement signed on 24th July 2018, the disbursement of funds will be effective as of 1st August 2018 to begin the feasibility study which results aim at contributing to the development of a sustainable energy system in Togo. This signature brought the workshop to closure at 4 pm with the vote of thanks of Professor Kokou.

 2.    Conclusion

The 24th July 2018 workshop marks the starting point of a feasibility study aimed at assessing Togo’s potential for renewable energies and promoting its development in the country. Once completed, this study will pave the way for a project to popularize the use of renewable energies.

The team of experts is committed to travelling around Togo in the next six months to describe the evolution of energy demand in a context of climate change in Togo, to carrying out an integrated assessment of renewable energies potential in the country, to carrying out a diagnostic analysis of the renewable energies sub-sector and propose guidelines for BMBF intervention in the renewable energies sub-sector aiming at putting in place of a pilot project. At the end of the study, experts will give clear guidelines for the start of a project which will be carried out by the German Ministry of Education – BMBF – in coordination with WASCAL Togo.

It is important to note that the study begins on 1st August 2018; the submission of its first draft report is scheduled for 1st December 2018, while the delivery of the final report is envisaged for 30th January 2019. The project will be presented to the Minister in February 2019; the decision to launch the pilot project is equally expected in February 2019. In sum, the final workshop is anticipated for March 2019.

 

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